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IIT Guwahati develops therapies for knee meniscus tears

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Guwahati, Mar 28: Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati in collaboration with the University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata have formulated three ingenious treatment solutions for a certain type of knee injury that has historically proven difficult to treat.

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The researchers have provided possible alternative solutions to manage the problem of a knee meniscus tear, an injury to tissue in one’s knee joints through key regenerative therapies. Trauma to the knee meniscus, a cushioning tissue in the knee joint, is a commonly occurring yet complex problem. It can be caused during day-to-day activities by sudden accidents, mishaps while playing sports, or simply aging.

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These new developments signal a significant advancement in treating knee injuries, providing a solution that is custom-made for each patient and could also potentially prevent future complications such as osteoarthritis.

The team from IIT Guwahati has created three hydrogel formulations that are blends of silk fibroin and other polymers, which they envision can be used by doctors in clinics, to treat the meniscus injury. These components, especially silk, are well known for their strength, bioactivity, and flexibility. They are also cost-effective compared to other materials such as commercially available polyurethane and collagen meniscus implants.

The approaches have been published in three manuscripts across two international journals, Applied Materials Today and Advanced Biology, co-authored by Prof. Biman B. Mandal, Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, along with his research scholars, Ashutosh Bandyopadhyay, Baishali Ghibhela, and Sayanti Shome, from IIT Guwahati, and collaborators Dr. Debajyoti Pal, Dr. Samsamul Hoque and Prof. Samit K. Nandi from the University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata.

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Speaking about the research, Prof. Biman B. Mandal, Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, IIT Guwahati, said, “we have developed regenerative treatment approaches that would be tailored for the patient and help in rapid healing meniscus tears or replacing parts of the damaged tissue. Our problem statement also accounts for the shape and size variability of the meniscus in patients of different age groups and is a source of growth factors for better healing.”

These three new techniques aim to address those problems. Healing critical meniscus injuries would enable patients to return to their daily lives without concerns of pain, mobility issues, or osteoarthritis. This research aims to provide a more personalized and effective treatment for meniscus injuries, potentially improving the quality of life for millions of people.

Read: BJP releases key organisational appointments

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